Web hosting is simply described as a place that manages the websites of individuals and organizations.
When web hosting is discussed, it is referred to as a company that offers a space on a server (computer) where they can host your website files and provide Internet connectivity to allow other computers to gain access to the files on your site.
Is it clear?
Perhaps not everything is clear, except if you know that your website consists of a variety of computer files like images, videos and HTML files, among others, that are incorporated in it. To be able to set up your website and share your files on the Internet, you require a super computer or server that has a high-speed Internet connection.
The Difference between Web Hosting and Data Center
When we hear the term "web hosting" this is often referred to the server hosting your website. This can also mean the hosting company, which rents the server space. On the other hand, data center is the facility that houses the servers. This could be as small as a room or as big as a house or a huge building that has several power supplies, data communication connections, security devices or environmental controls like air condition and fire suppression.
In general, there are 4 types of web hosting, namely: Shared, Dedicated, Virtual Private Server (or VPS) and Cloud Hosting. All of these hosting servers function as a center to store your website. They differ in the storage capacity, technical knowledge requirements, server speed, control and reliability. Let's take a deeper look into the differences among these different types of web hosting:
It is called shared hosting since a website shares the same server with numerous other sites, which usually range from a few to thousands. All domains may share the same pool of server resources like the CPU and RAM. Since this comes at a very low price, the majority of websites that have modest traffic levels using regular software choose to be hosted on this type of server. This is also an entry-level alternative, since it only requires minimal technical knowledge.
This type of server provides maximum control on the web server where the website is stored. So, you have the server all to yourself since your website is the only one hosted there.
VPS hosting splits a server into different virtual servers, where every website is hosted on its own server but in reality, it is sharing the same server with a few users. With this hosting, users have their very own virtual space as well as a safer hosting environment. This is best for websites that require more control at the server level, but do not like to spend more on a dedicated server.
This type of hosting provides limitless ability to deal with high traffic. In cloud hosting, a group of servers (cloud) conspire to host several websites. It lets numerous computers work simultaneously to manage high traffic spikes for any specific website.
Source by Karina Popa